c++ - 在 C++ 中,如何声明原子的矢量

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可能Duplicate :
Undefined Symbol ___gxx_personality_v0在链路?

我可不想为了这个声明的vector原子变量用作计数器在多线程程序员。 以下是我尝试了:

#include <atomic>
#include <vector>
int main(void)
{
  std::vector<std::atomic<int>> v_a;
  std::atomic<int> a_i(1);
  v_a.push_back(a_i);
  return 0;
}

这是gcc的烦人详细错误信息4 .6 .3:

In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/x86_64-linux-gnu/./bits/c++allocator.h:34:0,
             from /usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:48,
             from /usr/include/c++/4.6/vector:62,
             from test_atomic_vec.h:2,
             from test_atomic_vec.cc:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h: In member function ‘void __gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::construct(__gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::pointer, const _Tp&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, __gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:830:6:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:108:9: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>::atomic(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:538:7: error: declared here
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/vector:70:0,
             from test_atomic_vec.h:2,
             from test_atomic_vec.cc:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc: In member function ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::_M_insert_aux(std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator, _Args&& ...) [with _Args = {const std::atomic<int>&}, _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator<std::atomic<int>*, std::vector<std::atomic<int> > >, typename std::_Vector_base<_Tp, _Alloc>::_Tp_alloc_type::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:834:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc:319:4: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>::atomic(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:538:7: error: declared here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:834:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc:319:4: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>& std::atomic<int>::operator=(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:539:15: error: declared here
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/x86_64-linux-gnu/./bits/c++allocator.h:34:0,
             from /usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:48,
             from /usr/include/c++/4.6/vector:62,
             from test_atomic_vec.h:2,
             from test_atomic_vec.cc:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h: In member function ‘void __gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::construct(__gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::pointer, _Args&& ...) [with _Args = {std::atomic<int>}, _Tp = std::atomic<int>, __gnu_cxx::new_allocator<_Tp>::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc:306:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::_M_insert_aux(std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator, _Args&& ...) [with _Args = {const std::atomic<int>&}, _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator<std::atomic<int>*, std::vector<std::atomic<int> > >, typename std::_Vector_base<_Tp, _Alloc>::_Tp_alloc_type::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:834:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:114:4: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>::atomic(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:538:7: error: declared here
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/vector:61:0,
             from test_atomic_vec.h:2,
             from test_atomic_vec.cc:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algobase.h: In static member function ‘static _BI2 std::__copy_move_backward<true, false, std::random_access_iterator_tag>::__copy_move_b(_BI1, _BI1, _BI2) [with _BI1 = std::atomic<int>*, _BI2 = std::atomic<int>*]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algobase.h:581:18:   instantiated from ‘_BI2 std::__copy_move_backward_a(_BI1, _BI1, _BI2) [with bool _IsMove = true, _BI1 = std::atomic<int>*, _BI2 = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algobase.h:590:34:   instantiated from ‘_BI2 std::__copy_move_backward_a2(_BI1, _BI1, _BI2) [with bool _IsMove = true, _BI1 = std::atomic<int>*, _BI2 = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algobase.h:661:15:   instantiated from ‘_BI2 std::move_backward(_BI1, _BI1, _BI2) [with _BI1 = std::atomic<int>*, _BI2 = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc:313:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::_M_insert_aux(std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator, _Args&& ...) [with _Args = {const std::atomic<int>&}, _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator<std::atomic<int>*, std::vector<std::atomic<int> > >, typename std::_Vector_base<_Tp, _Alloc>::_Tp_alloc_type::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:834:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algobase.h:546:6: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>& std::atomic<int>::operator=(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:539:15: error: declared here
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/vector:63:0,
             from test_atomic_vec.h:2,
             from test_atomic_vec.cc:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_construct.h: In function ‘void std::_Construct(_T1*, _Args&& ...) [with _T1 = std::atomic<int>, _Args = {std::atomic<int>}]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_uninitialized.h:77:3:   instantiated from ‘static _ForwardIterator std::__uninitialized_copy<_TrivialValueTypes>::__uninit_copy(_InputIterator, _InputIterator, _ForwardIterator) [with _InputIterator = std::move_iterator<std::atomic<int>*>, _ForwardIterator = std::atomic<int>*, bool _TrivialValueTypes = false]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_uninitialized.h:119:41:   instantiated from ‘_ForwardIterator std::uninitialized_copy(_InputIterator, _InputIterator, _ForwardIterator) [with _InputIterator = std::move_iterator<std::atomic<int>*>, _ForwardIterator = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_uninitialized.h:259:63:   instantiated from ‘_ForwardIterator std::__uninitialized_copy_a(_InputIterator, _InputIterator, _ForwardIterator, std::allocator<_Tp>&) [with _InputIterator = std::move_iterator<std::atomic<int>*>, _ForwardIterator = std::atomic<int>*, _Tp = std::atomic<int>]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_uninitialized.h:269:24:   instantiated from ‘_ForwardIterator std::__uninitialized_move_a(_InputIterator, _InputIterator, _ForwardIterator, _Allocator&) [with _InputIterator = std::atomic<int>*, _ForwardIterator = std::atomic<int>*, _Allocator = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/vector.tcc:343:8:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::_M_insert_aux(std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator, _Args&& ...) [with _Args = {const std::atomic<int>&}, _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::iterator = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator<std::atomic<int>*, std::vector<std::atomic<int> > >, typename std::_Vector_base<_Tp, _Alloc>::_Tp_alloc_type::pointer = std::atomic<int>*]’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:834:4:   instantiated from ‘void std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::push_back(const value_type&) [with _Tp = std::atomic<int>, _Alloc = std::allocator<std::atomic<int> >, std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>::value_type = std::atomic<int>]’
test_atomic_vec.cc:10:20:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_construct.h:76:7: error: use of deleted function ‘std::atomic<int>::atomic(const std::atomic<int>&)’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/atomic:538:7: error: declared here

如何解决这个问题?

在错误消失了当我注释掉这一行的 push_back().

EDIT : 我编辑这篇文章。。。 有些人可能看到了第一个帖子,我以前的错误是非常尴尬 gcc而不是 g++:

时间:原作者:7个回答

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按照此密切相关问题中提到过的评论,? std::atomic<T>不复制Թ졣,也复制赋值。?

对象类型没有这些属性不能用作元素 std::vector.

但是,它完全可能创建包装器 std::atomic<T>Թ졣元素的副本和复制赋值。? 它必须使用 load()store()成员函数的 std::atomic<T>提供建设和分配( 这是就是由上述接受这个问题的描述) :

#include <atomic>
#include <vector>
template <typename T>
struct atomwrapper
{
  std::atomic<T> _a;
  atomwrapper()
    :_a()
  {}
  atomwrapper(const std::atomic<T> &a)
    :_a(a.load())
  {}
  atomwrapper(const atomwrapper &other)
    :_a(other._a.load())
  {}
  atomwrapper &operator=(const atomwrapper &other)
  {
    _a.store(other._a.load());
  }
};
int main(void)
{
  std::vector<atomwrapper<int>> v_a;
  std::atomic<int> a_i(1);
  v_a.push_back(a_i);
  return 0;
}

编辑: 作为指出正确通过Bo Persson,复制操作执行的包装不是原子。 它使你能够将原子对象,但是副本本身未原子。 这意味着任何并发访问的原子操作不能利用这复制操作。 上这意味着操作向量本身( e .g 。 添加或删除元素) 不能并发执行。

例如: ,如果说,一个线程修改的值存储在一个原子操作可能发生在其他线程将新元素添加到向量,向量重新分配和对象这第一个线程修改可能从vector中的一个位置复制到另一个位置。 在这种情况下可能会发生数据争用访问由第一个线程执行和之间的元素复制操作触发第二个。

原作者:
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看来是 atomic<T>无复制构造函数。 也不是转移构造函数,只要我看得出来

一种解决可能使用 vector<T>::emplace_back()来构造原子放置在vector中。 哎呀,我没有C++11编译器对我现在,我宁愿去测试它。

原作者:
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